CIWED WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE INTERVENTION AREA
COMMUNITY-LED TOTAL SANITATION (CLTS)
This is a sanitation management approach where community members are empowered to take the lead in managing all sanitation related activities in their communities to promote healthy living style and to prevent sanitation related sicknesses.
CIWED in partnership with WUZDA-GHANA sensitize five (5) communities (Tafaldo, Niwurindo, Nsoja, Liwalibo and Tajido) in Mion District to stop open defecation by building household latrines, and ensuring that community members wash their hands with soap after visiting the toilet. Before the sensitisations, CIWED organised community entry meetings to do Triggering, Mapping and Formation of Natural Leaders.
This is a process of encouraging and empowering communities to adopt and practice hand washing after visiting toilets and to practice Open Defecation Free. It also encourages community members to own household latrines to eliminate open defecation. The five (5) communities mentioned above participated in the community entry meetings where members took a transit walk and later converged at various points in their communities to draw community maps, indicating their water sources, places of dumping refuse, places of defecation and location of their houses. This exercise prepared the community members mind to see how their activity on sanitation pollute the water sources and thereby cause diseases such as diarrhoea, cholera and other diseases.
Formation of Natural Leaders: These committees were formed to monitor and encourage community members to construct household latrines and discourage them from practicing open defecation. They were also trained on sanitation management issues and the monitoring tools to carry out monitoring activities in their communities.
Action Plan from Natural Leaders: the natural leaders after its formation and training, came out with their action plans to start their sensitisations on the need for hand washing, own household latrines and discourage members from practicing open defecation. The action plan spelt out dates and times of their sensitisations and monitoring activities and the process of coming out with community bye-laws to govern their sanitation related activities.
Sensitization on Household Sanitation: Community Sensitization on household sanitation management was also conducted during the period and a total of eighty (80) Households were reached out on proper management of household sanitation. Topics discussed in the meeting were the following. Personal Hygiene practices, household cleanness, Hand washing after defecation, ODF practices, advantages of having a household latrines and its Health benefits.
The sensitizations yielded the desire results for the household members to agree and adopted the dig and bury method at the back of their various houses for rubbish damping and also pledged to regularly clean their compounds and the surroundings to save themselves from diseases such as malaria, dysentery, diarrhoea etc. This activity was conducted in line with the concept of CLTS against the practice of open defecation (ODF) by the inhabitants in the community.
The sensitisations among others also encouraged community members to protect their water bodies through proper ways of dumping their refuse and Open Defecation Free. Productive use of waste both human waste, rubbish, food by products and the like assisted community members to get rid of waste as they manage it on productive purposes. This did not only save them from diseases but assisted community members increases agricultural production using waste to cultivate crops for their own and commercial consumption.
Apart from getting income from crops harvested they also have the opportunity to sell surplus of the food crops to make money to support family needs to include, paying school fees, hospital/medical bills, put up housing, expand existing businesses and above all contribute their mate to community social developmental needs.