Gender Equality and Child Protection
Ghana’s decentralization concept sought to provide a window of opportunity for people or citizens of a particular locality to participate in decisions that affect their wellbeing. Participation is regarded as a pre-requisite of sustainable development because it creates platform for effective, realistic and responsive decision making to meet the needs and priorities of the locality. Allowing for popular participation in decision making is an effective instrument to ensure public accountability to the people and the influence of the citizens on the allocation of public resources.
Under the current local government system, the unit committees are the lower level structure and at a grassroots which supposed to deal directly with the communities with regards to initiating project base on communities needs and priorities. The system assigned the following functions to the unit committees;
- Supervise the work of district assemblies performing duties in the area of authority,
- Contribute to enhanced allocation of economic and natural resources to men and women equitably.
- Contribute to the assertion of the rights of women through participation of empowerment programmes for women in decision making at all level in the decision making structures.
It is therefore expected that these functions will be carried out with the involvement of the people in the district. But for over 20 years, effective participation in this regard has not been realized. The main reason has been that, the structures for participation are weak and have not been able to play the expected roles due to lack of capacity or knowledge and understating of these projects.
Many viable projects have been abandoned and left to rot as a result of non-involvement of beneficiary communities in the designing and implementation of those projects.
It was against this background that CIWED designed the gender and governance Programme to contribute to the elimination of women abuses, gender violence and inequalities, economic empowerment as well as contribute to the enhancement of women participation in decision making processes at all spheres of society.